The International Civil Aviation Organization, or ICAO, is a United Nation’s Specialized Agency. ICAO publishes and maintains Standards and Recommended Practices (SARPS) that help ensure the safety of global aviation.

ICAO Document 9835, the Guidance Manual on the Implementation of ICAO Language Proficiency Requirements, was published in 2004 and updated in 2010.

What does ICAO recommend about how to teach aviation English?

ICAO Document 9835 recommends a content-based approach to Aviation English. This approach combines interactive language learning with relevant, interesting content.

What does ICAO recommend about teacher qualifications?

ICAO Document 9835 also recommends “Best Qualifications” for Aviation English teachers:

  • Master’s degree in Applied Linguistics, and/or
  • Master’s degree in Teaching English as a Second or Foreign Language

For more information about ICAO, explore the following:

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